The department of Nueva Segovia borders with Honduras. It boasts of leafy pine tree forests, with abundant water sources like thermal water ponds and impressive waterfalls.
It also has Rocky Mountains, coffee farms, and plantations and vineyards. Its people produce crafts and breed horses.
It is the territory where General Augusto Cesar Sandino waged war. Sandino’s Route is in wait of tourism. Nueva Segovia was one of the first areas founded by the Spaniards. It had 3 settlements.
The first city, “Nueva Ciudad Segoviana” (New Segovian City), was founded by Captain Diego de Castañeda in March of 1543. Its ruins were known as ciudad vieja (old town) and were abandoned in 1611 because of the attacks by caribes, xicaquez, and other tribes of the Atlantic Region of Nicaragua and because of its unbearable weather.
The traditional Festivities are: Patron’s Festivities dedicated to the Virgin of Asuncion, La Griteria to the Conception of the Virgin Mary, Independence Day, Super Carnival Ocotal, Ecological Carnival, Instituto Nacional Leonardo Matute’s Carnival, Coffee Fair, and the Donkey’s Parade.
The most representatives:
In 1792, the construction of the Church Our Lady of Asuncion began, and it was decided that, in order to further populate the city, they should have a Patron in Ocotal, and it was this way that the first statue of the Virgin of Asuncion was brought from Ciudad Antigua that same year. On August 15, 1792 the first festivities were celebrated.
Super Carnival Ocotal:
This carnival was first organized by entrepreneurial women accompanied by a Fair, all the city businesses and musical groups of Nicaragua participated in it. Different streets of the city were closed where each group put up a stage, and where people watched and enjoyed each group’s performance.
Organized by the Municipal Cabinet of Tourism of Ocotal, all the local businesses have the opportunity to sell gastronomic foods and crafts, and the population enjoys an artistic-cultural evening.
Organized by Jalapa’s Office of the Mayor, it is the most important festival of the city. Visitors are able to enjoy local foods made from corn such as: Nacatamales, Indio Viejo, Cususa, Tamales, Elotes, Atol, etc. The Queen of the Corn is elected and the best decorated display, based on corn and its products, wins an award.
Organized by the Mayor’s Office of Dipilto, this festival is celebrated to promote plantain eating and offers a variety of foods that are made from them. There are also bull rides and the election of the Plantains Queen. The best decorated display, based on plantains and its products, wins an award.
This fair is held in Dipilto where producers exhibit the coffee produced in the area, at the closing, celebrated on July 19, producers from the northern part of the country come and exhibit their coffee production. Cultural groups of the area are invited to perform, the National Barista and International expert tasters are invited as well.
The city of Ocotal was established in 1782, as part of the last transfer of Ciudad Segoviana. This was partly due to the frequent attacks suffered by the population that resisted Spanish submission. The local population was also victims of violent attacks and lootings by Spaniards navigating the former roaring Coco River from the Caribbean Sea.
The first reproduction of Nueva Segovia was built by the Spanish neighbors and creoles of the second New Ciudad Segoviana in the place known as San Antonio de Tejas.
The second reproduction of Nueva Segovia was founded on the actual site of the city of Ocotal by Spaniards, creoles, and aborigines –most probably around 1780 and almost coinciding with the neighbors of San Antonio Tejas, because each wanted to have proximity with the farms. This reproduction was founded on the site of San Nicolas del Potrero, beginning as a settlement of Nueva Segovia in 1809 and because of the abundance of Ocote it was given the name of Ocotal. Ocotal was the first city in Latin America that was bombarded by a Fokker Plane.
Features of Ocotal
Location: It is located in the central-north area of Nicaragua, located between the 13º 38 north latitude, 86º28 west latitude with a distance to the Capital of 226 Km.
To the North: the Town of Dipilto
To the South: the Town of Totogalpa
To the East: the Town of Mozonte
To the West: the Town of Macuelizo
Ocotal has dry subtropical forest weather, with an annual media precipitation between 1000 and 1200 mm. and dry subtropical forest, with an annual media precipitation between 800 and 1000mm.
The town of Ocotal has a population of 41,932 inhabitants; the city’s population annual growth is of 3.91%.
Typical Food: Vigorón, Gallo Pinto (typical rice and bean mixture), Pork with cassava, Indio Viejo, Nacatamales, Sopa de Albóndiga, Baho, beans with cheese and sour cream, Tacos, Repochetas, Enchiladas
Beverages: Pozol, Tiste, Chicha bruja, Cususa, Cacao, Horchata
Desserts: Cajetas, Pan de Rosa, Pirulines, Hojuelas, Almíbar, Suspiros, Atole de maíz tierno, Arroz con leche, Cusnaca.
Bread: Calabazos, Bízcotelas, Pan de casa.
Dipilto: Land of Pine trees, with beautiful forests that beautify this religious town that worships the Virgin Mary under the advocacy of the Virgin of the Stone. The image is located in the highest point of a gigantic rock; it is worth visiting if only to contemplate the beautiful crafts that are made of pine and others woods.
Ciudad Antigua: With its church as a main attraction, looted and burned by pirates in 1685, its remains and the museum have many pieces of great historic value.
El Jícaro: Waits for you with its charming people, amazing forests, thermal waters with healing powers, and its minerals and caves where gold was once mined. Visitors can enjoy a walk through the sugar cane plantations and taste the delicious Guarapo or learn about the history of San Albino’s Minerals.
Cerro El Chipote: Located in the town of Quilali, it was General Sandino’s headquarter. From here, the troops defended their national sovereignty and brought down two enemy fighter planes in 1927.
Jalapa: With tourist attractions such as Cerro Jesus which reaches 1,793 meters above sea level, ecological farms, and amazing waterfalls. You can also enjoy the beautiful products of Tuza made by the local artisans. In September you can enjoy the largest corn festival in the country.
Mozonte: With its royal titles that credit them as sole owners of the lands, and together with its magical creativity in the design of pre-Columbian arts and crafts, they await you to share their art.